While the disadvantage of the Simla agreement is that no timetable has been set for the final settlement of the Kashmir issue, the advantage of the agreement is that no signatory party prohibits the return of the Kashmir issue to the United Nations. Despite the expiration of 44 years, the Cashmere part of the De Simla agreement gave nothing to the Kashmiris, who were not even signatories to the agreement. Nor was the 1971 war fought in the name of the Kashmir affair. Without the agreement and will of the Kashmiris, the Simla Agreement reduced the Kashmir issue from an international rank (like the UN) to a bilateral issue, and the right of the Kashmiris to self-determination was subordinated to the implementation of the agreement. In this way, if the ultimate profit of the 1971 war was Bengal, the ultimate loser of the 1971 war was Kashmiris through no fault. Indeed, in 1971, the Kashmiris had lost the Battle of Kashmir without even fighting it. The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to „end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.“ It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time.
The Summit was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations.