The great fault line, which defines many disagreements in modern historiography, runs along the division between the political right and the left. Since World War II, there have been fundamental and often irreconcilable differences between historians who accepted one or more of the many variants of Marxist historicism and those who refused all this understanding of the nature of history. Institute for Historial Research `Reviews in history` – Historians check the books of others and respond to criticism. As a result, we have invited all professional historians and others who work with historical issues and international relations, who want to build a better mutual understanding of history and prevent abuses of history to create and promote conflicts, to join our network. The list of bad and even frightening examples is long. Japan and Russia easily come to mind. This is particularly problematic when the country in question is a great power that can allow its visions of history to be directly reflected in its foreign policy. Another challenge is the dissemination of so-called „alternative facts“ as part of the new wave of politics and journalism, which treats facts, if at all, as opinions, without worrying about determining what really happened in history, or respecting and engaging in scientific research methods. In 2015, the fight continued, this time for the college`s Board of Trustees` policies for the revised advanced placement test in American History. They celebrate total history with their commitment to digging deep, their insistence on reality, their sensitivity to race, gender and class.