Unclos Implementing Agreement

(iv) an agreement providing, in addition to the agreement, the transition from the initial phase to the final settlement, in particular, the Authority would be responsible for developing solutions to outstanding issues after the agreement enters into force; Compliance with IMO rules is not only monitored by a strict system of enforcement of flag states, but is also subject to the monitoring of a sophisticated port state inspection system, coordinated by regional agreements within the overall IMO framework. But regulations for other ocean industries are not as well developed as commercial shipping regulations. Before the last negotiating meeting approved by the UN General Assembly, which was due to take place in March 2020, much more clearly needed to be done to reach consensus among governments. This last meeting, however, was postponed due to LA COVID-19. Nevertheless, in the months leading up to March, there seemed to be a growing political dynamic among the main players, such as the European Union, to reach an agreement that could take into account differences of opinion. The ICS therefore expects that the holding of the last session of the UNITED Nations DIPLOMATIC Conference will be a high priority as soon as possible. (ii) an interpretive agreement consisting of agreements on the interpretation and application of the convention; At the beginning of the 20th century, some nations expressed their desire to extend national requirements: the integration of mineral resources, the protection of fish stocks and the provision of pollution control. (The League of Nations convened a conference in The Hague in 1930, but no agreement was reached. [6] By applying the principle of a nation`s international law to the protection of its natural resources, President Harry S. Truman extended control of the United States in 1945 to all natural resources on his continental shelf. Other nations quickly followed suit.

Between 1946 and 1950, Chile, Peru and Ecuador extended their rights to a distance of 200 nautical miles (370 km) to cover their Humboldt-Strom fisheries. Other nations extended their coastal seas to 22 km. [7] After several years of discussions in response to growing concern about ocean degradation, a high-level diplomatic conference was convened by the United Nations in 2018 in New York. The aim is to adopt an implementation agreement that will enable, within the framework of the UNCLOS, the development of future rules on the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity in marine areas beyond the national jurisdiction (BBNJ), i.e. a regime applicable to the high seas.